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'Speed Racer' Film a Far Cry from Its Anime Roots


In the late 1960s, there was a popular cartoon called "Speed Racer." It had a really different style. The characters looked like real people. There was more suspense. It was even a little dark. This weekend, Warner Brothers is hoping kids will race out to see its new movie version of "Speed Racer."

NPR's Elizabeth Blair reports that the original "Speed Racer" was the way a lot of young Americans were introduced to Japanese anime.

ELIZABETH BLAIR: Speed Racer had everything - a dad who built racecars, a nice mom who let his little brother keep a pet monkey, a cute girlfriend and an unbelievably cool car.

(Soundbite of show, "Speed Racer")

Mr. PETER FERNANDEZ (As Speed Racer): These are the controls of the most powerful and amazing racing car in the world, the Mach 5.

BLAIR: Fans of the 1960s show will remember the Mach 5's all-important seven buttons.

(Soundbite of show, "Speed Racer")

Mr. FERNANDEZ: Control A releases powerful jacks to boost the car. Control B -press this button and the Mach 5 sprouts special grip tires for traction over any kind of terrain.

Mr. ROLAND KELTS (Author): And the cool factor of the car, I think, is part of the cool factor of anime.

BLAIR: Roland Kelts is the author of "Japanamerica: How Japanese Pop Culture Has Invaded America."

Speed Racer is anime - the animated form of Japanese graphic novels, which really became popular in the 1990s. Kelts says those seven buttons on Speed Racer's car back in the '60s are typical of anime.

Mr. KELTS: There's a real emphasis on specific details, and the correlation of devices or gadgets to something that actually happens.

(Soundbite of show, "Speed Racer")

Mr. FERNANDEZ: Control G releases a homing robot from the front of the car. The homing robot can carry pictures or tape recorded messages to whomever and wherever I want to send them.

BLAIR: "Speed Racer" was originally created in Japan by Tatsuo Yoshida, with help from his two brothers, in the 1960s. A distribution company in the U.S. bought the show and hired Peter Fernandez to adapt it for American audiences. He also worked on the Japanese anime shows "Gigantor" and "Astroboy." But he says "Speed Racer" was different.

Mr. FERNANDEZ: The animation was much more realistic. The characters had a relationship that I'd never seen before in any cartoon series. And it was all about cars.

(Soundbite of show, "Speed Racer")

Mr. FERNANDEZ: You won't get away with them. (unintelligible) take the wheel.

Unidentified Man: No, Speed.

Mr. FERNANDEZ: Now give me those plans.

Unidentified Man: Let me go. We'll crash.

BLAIR: Peter Fernandez says he wasn't given a lot of instruction on how to transform the show for American TV. The first thing he did was change the title. The Japanese version was called "Mach, Go, Go, Go." So Fernandez came up with the name "Speed Racer." He hired just three other actors for the voices of dozens of anime characters, and gave himself the two best parts - the dashing Speed Racer…

(Soundbite of show, "Speed Racer")

Mr. FERNANDEZ: I want to be a professional racer. I want to be the top champion. I want that more than anything in the world.

BLAIR: And Racer X, the mysterious masked racer who was really Speed's brother.

(Soundbite of show, "Speed Racer")

Mr. FERNANDEZ (As Racer X): Don't worry, I'll be able to handle them. With everybody pulling dirty tricks, to win the race will be very tough.

BLAIR: Fernandez said he had a lot of fun coming up with American names for the anime villains, like Acey Deucey, Snake Oiler and Cruncher Block.

Mr. FERNANDEZ: You know, he was a big block of a guy, so Cruncher Block seemed suitable. And then I knew what he should sound like. He sounded like this. Now, watch it kid. I'll - never mind what I'll do. Anyway, that was me.

(Soundbite of show, "Speed Racer")

(Soundbite of laughter)

Mr. FERNANDEZ (As Cruncher Block): I always get hungry when I'm up to skullduggery. Give me a sandwich.

BLAIR: When people write about "Speed Racer" today, they often mention how Japanese it seems. But it turns out Tatsuo Yoshida created "Speed Racer" with the American market in mind, says author Roland Kelts.

Mr. KELTS: Yoshida was heavily influenced by American culture, as were many of the artists of his generation. He was a child during World War II and obviously survived the war and grew up with this influx of American popular culture, everything from television shows like "Father Knows Best" to comic books, many of which were brought over by the GIs.

BLAIR: There's a reason Speed Racer looks a little like an anime Elvis with the pompadour hairstyle and scarf around his neck. Kelts says Yoshida modeled Speed after Elvis Presley in the movie "Viva Las Vegas."

(Soundbite of movie, "Viva Las Vegas")

(Soundbite of song, "Viva Las Vegas")

Mr. ELVIS PRESLEY (As Lucky Jackson): (Singing) I'm gonna give it everything I've got. Lady luck, please let the dice stay hot.

BLAIR: The music for the new "Speed Racer" movie was composed by Michael Giacchino, who says he was a huge fan of the original, including that infections theme song written by Nobuyoshi Koshibe.

(Soundbite of music)

Mr. MICHAEL GIACCHINO (Film Composer): I used to love during the most difficult moments that Speed faced, you could always be sure that whenever it was that the tide was turned in his favor, you would hear this bum, bum, bum.

(Soundbite of music)

Mr. GIACCHINO: And it used to just jazz me up so much as a kid. I remember my brother and I would jump up on the sofa whenever we heard that, because that was like, OK, he's going to do it. He's going to do it.

(Soundbite of music)

BLAIR: As part of his research for the new movie, Giacchino went back and listened to the music that was used in Japan for "Mach, Go, Go, Go."

(Soundbite of song, "Speed Racer")

Unidentified Group: (Singing in Japanese)

Mr. GIACCHINO: It's very different from the one that ended up in the show here in America. Now the melody is essentially the same, but the arrangement is vastly different. So whereas in Japan, you were listening to this almost kind of weird Western-type of song sung by Japanese men, here in America, we were listening to something that was turned into almost like a surf tune.

(Soundbite of song, "Speed Racer")

Unidentified Group: (Singing) Here he comes, here comes Speed Racer. He's a demon on wheels. He's a demon and he's gonna be chasin' after someone.

BLAIR: The new "Speed Racer" movie was directed by the Wachowski brothers, who almost never give interviews. But they, too, loved the 1960s show.

Mr. GIACCHINO: Their intention was let's just take what we loved about it as a kid and then just blow it up to as big as we can. That went for the song as well and the score, so that when any fan heard it, they felt like they were watching "Speed Racer."

(Soundbite of music)

BLAIR: Fans of the original might be a little overwhelmed by the new "Speed Racer" movie - the racetrack, the gadgets, the villains, the speed, everything about it is much more intense than that quaint little anime cartoon from the 1960s.

Elizabeth Blair, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by an NPR contractor. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record.

MoviesMorning Edition
Elizabeth Blair is a Peabody Award-winning senior producer/reporter on the Arts Desk of NPR News.