© 2020 WFAE
90.7 Charlotte 93.7 Southern Pines 90.3 Hickory 106.1 Laurinburg
Play Live Radio
Next Up:
0:00
0:00
Available On Air Stations
Coronavirus news and updates about the Charlotte region, the Carolinas and beyond.

Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine Won't Be Ready By Election Day

The first patient enrolled in Pfizer's COVID-19 coronavirus vaccine clinical trial at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore received an injection in May.
The first patient enrolled in Pfizer's COVID-19 coronavirus vaccine clinical trial at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore received an injection in May.

Pfizer, the apparent frontrunner in developing a COVID-19 vaccine for the United States, says its results won't be ready until mid-November at the earliest. That dims any lingering expectation that there could be a vaccine by Election Day, as President Trump has asserted.

Trump's hopes had been bolstered by Pfizer executives, who have said that they could have clinical trial results sometime in October. Even if that were so, a pre-election vaccine would mean the Food and Drug Administration would have to give an almost immediate thumbs-up.

Pfizer Chairman and CEO Albert Bourla said in a public statement Friday that it is indeed possible that the company could have enough data to know this month whether the vaccine it is developing actually protects people from coronavirus infection. But the company won't have data showing that the vaccine is safe before the third week of November at the earliest.

The FDA said earlier this month that, before it reviews a coronavirus vaccine application, a company must have safety data that extends for a median of two months. That means Pfizer needs to wait until half of the volunteers in its ongoing trail have been followed for at least two months before the company can submit its material for FDA review.

"We estimate that we will reach this milestone in the third week of November," Bourla wrote.

The company has been waiting for a certain number of people in its study to come down with COVID-19. Once that threshold has been reached, scientists can analyze the data and see whether those who got sick were in the group that got vaccinated or in the comparison group, which got a dummy shot. The vaccine must reduce the risk of infection by at least 50% in order to be considered for FDA emergency authorization.

Polls show many Americans are hesitant about taking a coronavirus vaccine and concerned that the approval process could be driven by politics. But vaccine companies say they won't let that happen, and Pfizer says its announcement underscores its commitment to safety.

You can contact NPR Science Correspondent Richard Harris at rharris@npr.org .

Copyright 2020 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.