Fifty-five years ago Thursday, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act into law. But a key part of that law was removed in 2013, in the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case Shelby County v. Holder. That 5-4 decision removed section 4(b), which contained a formula to determine which states or counties needed federal approval before making changes to voting.
Forty North Carolina counties were covered under that formula. Its removal touched off a series of battles over voting in North Carolina that’s still unresolved today.